Subak Guliang is located in the village of Guliang Kangin, which is in the Regency of Bangli in the middle of Bali as known is one of regencies in Bali province doesn’t have sea area. From Badung Regency you pass through Batubulan Village, Sukawati, Gianyar, Tulikup, Blah Pane and then arrive in Guliang Kangin village. Proceeding northwards through the village arrives at Bangli, in the east of the village stretches Melangit River as the border between Bangli and Klungkung.
There is a mountain range that runs from the west coast to the east coast of Bali in the northern half of the island. To the north of this range is the north coastal plain and to the south are the rice growing regions. There is a river stretching along the village that splits to be two parts. Guliang Kangin is only a short distance to the south of the range and Bali’s mother mountain Gunung Agung in the north east.
Gunung Agung is Bali’s highest mountain, peaking at 3142 metres having last erupted in 1963, and also Gunung Batur is the second volcanic with elevation 1.717 meters in the north of village. The historically documented eruption of Batur was 1804, 1917 and the last major eruption was in 1926, and it has been frequently active since then.
Flowing alongside the village at a short distance to the west is the River (Sungai) Jelulung. The confluence of three rivers approximately five hundred meters to the south-west of the village, it is called a ‘Campuan’ or convergence. It emanates from Lake Batur on Mount Batur, another volcanic mountain. This ‘Campuan’ has a strong spiritual significance.
Creating a development in adherence with, and which will preserve and advance the philosophies of ‘Trihita Karana’”. From the Balinese cultural perspective, ”Trihita Karana’ holds the three sources to human happiness. The philosophy’s fundamental intention is to make all man happier in their life, by attempting to create a harmony balance between man, nature, and the gods.
“Missions” to support and participate in nature and environment conservation, also provide free education to the children in the village from early age trough Sustainable Bali (Bali Lestari), Balinese culture preservation especially to the village of Guliang Kangin and island of Bali as a whole, whilst providing visitors a unique opportunity to observe and interact to local’s tradition.
The original concept for the purpose of the traditional cultivation still remains as the primary focus, but now there are two new underlying concepts. Firstly, it was envisioned as a way to distribute some of the economic power in Bali from tourism that is concentrated in southern Bali and in doing this to improve the life of the villagers by providing many employment opportunities. All of activities are undertaken by workers and craftsmen from the village. Rather than hiring previously qualified staff from outside of the village, all staff have been hired and trained from within the village. The products available at Subak Guliang also provide opportunities for many of the local artists, such as the musicians and dancers.
The products and services were developed with the concept of providing employment opportunities to as many of the village residents and existing businesses as possible, and to provide the possibility for the local community to introduce their marketable products to worldwide markets. It was also viewed as an opportunity to influence and inspire local creativity and thinking through exposure to travelers from other parts of the world.
Subak Guliang was visualized to educate the visitors about the culture and traditions of the island, and to enable visitors to observe the Balinese traditional way of life outside of the tourist areas. By reviving some of the lost cultural treasures of Bali it gives visitors an opportunity to experience cultural aspects not normally available to tourists. It is a facility that allows visitors to interact with the local villagers about their life, traditions, and refreshing outlook on what is important in life to them.
As with any business venture, one of the goals is profitability. However, the profitability at Subak Guliang lies a distant second to fulfilling the responsibilities that are felt for the village of Guliang Kangin and Bali. The profitability, however, is strongly linked to fulfilling these responsibilities as any profitability will lead to enhancements in the life of the village and local community